This article covers some interesting challenges with research in all disciplines, especially challenges with getting grants and getting published. Please read the section on the importance of having an exciting result and how some researchers feel they have to ‘game’ the data in order to get something exciting enough to get published. This is a huge problem for academia.
“The current system has done too much to reward results,” says Joseph Hilgard, a postdoctoral research fellow at the Annenberg Public Policy Center. “This causes a conflict of interest: The scientist is in charge of evaluating the hypothesis, but the scientist also desperately wants the hypothesis to be true.”
The article has some suggestions for fixing, including making rewards based on rigor, not on results and getting credits for sharing, not publication. There are also calls for more transparency.
There is much more, and it is all worth reading.